Polystichum lonchitis. Hollyfern.

Life-form & Growth Form:

Hemicryptophyte. Evergreen perennial. Little/no vegetative spread. 

Flowering period: 



Base-rich rock outcrops, cliffs, rocky ledges, and stabilised boulder-scree. Well-drained, cool, moist microhabitats.  


Forest and heath fires (which have previously occurred). An Arctic-alpine species, sparse numbers and climate change may also adversely impact upon P. lonchitis in the long term.

Static distribution map:
Polystichum lonchitis
Polystichum lonchitis
For an interactive map follow this link to the BSBI webpage