Melampyrum sylvaticum. Small cow wheat.

Life-form & Growth Form:

Therophyte. Annual. Little/no vegetative spread. 

Spore-producing period: 

June to August.  


Upland woods and glens; light, humid shade, often close to water. Damp somewhat enriched acidic soils. Wooded ravines. Requires species rich woodland ground layer.  


Historic habitat loss and fragmentation through deforestation, particularly removal or fragmentation of long-established woodland. Over-grazing with woodlands, resulting in impoverished ground flora. Isolated populations at increased risk of local extinction through chance events.  

Static distribution map:
Melampyrum sylvaticum
Melampyrum sylvaticum
For an interactive map follow this link to the BSBI webpage