Ophrys apifera. Bee orchid.

Life-form & Growth Form:

Non-bulbous geophyte. Herbaceous perennial. Little/no vegetative spread. 

Flowering period: 

June and July.

Habitats: 

Limestone grassland. Calcareous sand dunes. Railway banks. Roadside verges. Limestone pavement. Quarries & gravel-pits. Industrial waste ground (open mosaic habitat).  

Threats:

Habitat loss and fragmentation through ploughing up and re-seeding of calcareous grassland. Eutrophication from agricultural run-off. Overgrazing and excessive trampling by livestock. Under-grazing leading to encroachment of scrub. Development or in-filling of former quarry sites. Coastal squeeze due to climate change and reclamation of coastline for agricultural use. Trampling by visitors to coastal dunes.  

Static distribution map:
Ophyrus apifera
Ophyrus apifera
For an interactive map follow this link to the BSBI webpage