Juniperus communis. Juniper.

Life-form & Growth Form:

Mega-, meso- & micro-phanerophyte. Prostrate forms are chamaephyte. Woody, evergreen perennial. Little/no vegetative spread. 

Flowering period: 

May and June.


Found on grazed grasslands, scrub, heath, short sward grasslands, rocky outcrops, limestone pavement inland and maritime cliffs. Wet calcareous to acidic soils.  


Decline due to overgrazing. Undergrazing leading to vegetational succession to woodland. Heath fires. Afforestation. Scrub clearance. Infection with Phytophthora austrocedrae.  

Static distribution map:
Juniperus communis
Juniperus communis
For an interactive map follow this link to the BSBI webpage